, On 12 May, Francis carried out his first canonizations of candidates approved for sainthood during the reign of Benedict XVI: the first Colombian saint, Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, the second female Mexican saint, María Guadalupe García Zavala, both of the 20th century, and the 813 15th-century Martyrs of Otranto. "I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting, and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security," he stated. ", "Pope Francis insists same-sex marriage 'disfigures God's plan for creation, "Plot thickens over origins of pope's civil union endorsement", "Mexico broadcaster: Pope's civil union quote not broadcast", "Pope Francis Calls for Civil Union Law for Same-Sex Couples, in Shift From Vatican Stance", "Vatican breaks silence, explains Pope Francis' civil union comments", "Pope Francis Endorses Use Of Force Against ISIS In Iraq", "Civil war in the Vatican as conservatives battle Francis for the soul of Catholicism", "Conservative criticism intensifies against Pope Francis", "How Pope Francis and his conservative critics may both be right", "Anti-reform cardinals 'want the Pope to quit, "Why Pope Francis scares some conservatives", "Why do some Catholics oppose Pope Francis? As a normal customer of the bank, the church was forced into a higher fiscal discipline. And, as for his friend Pope Francis, whose real name is Jorge Mario Bergoglio, let’s take a closer look. It is from this proposition that the moral consequences then flow.".  In 1973, shortly after being named provincial superior, He had made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem but his stay was shortened by the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War. , At his first audience on 16 March 2013, Francis told journalists that he had chosen the name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi, and had done so because he was especially concerned for the well-being of the poor.  A proposal to create a commemorative coin as a tribute to Francis was made in Argentina's lower house on 28 November 2013. Trump responded, "For a religious leader to question a person's faith is disgraceful. I am well aware of the pressure that has led them to this decision. Yorio, who died in 2000, said in a 1999 interview that he believed that Bergoglio did nothing "to free us, in fact just the opposite". Available instantly. , Francis also confirmed his predecessor John Paul I to be Venerable on 8 November 2017. , In response to criticism from Venezuela's bishops, President Nicolás Maduro said in 2017 that he had the support of Francis. They also discussed terrorism and the radicalization of young people. , On 6 June 2015, Francis visited Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Nunzio Scarano", "Monsignor Scarano: Vatican forwards request to Italy", "Pope replaces cardinals serving on Vatican bank oversight commission", "12 months a pope: Francis's report card after a year at the top", "Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium of the Holy Father Francis to the Bishops, Clergy, Consecrated Persons and the Lay Faithful on the Proclamation of the Gospel in Today's World", "Four cardinals openly challenge Francis over 'Amoris Laetitia, Pope Francis reforms Church law in marital nullity trials, Pope revamps ecclesiastical universities in new apostolic constitution, "Pope Francis Signs Motu Proprio to Prevent and Denounce Abuses in the Catholic Church", "New Apostolic Letter highlights St Jerome's love of Scripture", "Pope releases apostolic letter on Sacred Scripture", "Pope's New Encyclical 'Fratelli Tutti' Outlines Vision for a Better World", "Pope abolishes honorary title of monsignor for diocesan priests under the age of 65", "L'addio di papa Ratzinger: "Lascio per il bene della Chiesa".  In 2005, Myriam Bregman, a human rights lawyer, filed a criminal complaint against Bergoglio, as superior in the Society of Jesus of Argentina, accusing him of involvement in the kidnapping. ", In November 2017, Pope Francis visited Myanmar amid a humanitarian crisis that had sparked the exodus of more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims from the country. The Pope covered up child abuse by Julio Grassi, an Argentinian priest serving fifteen (15) years in jail for abusing teenage boys. . More than three million people attended the pontiff's closing mass at the event.  From then on, he did not visit Jesuit houses and was in "virtual estrangement from the Jesuits" until after his election as pope. , In Evangelii gaudium Francis revealed what would be the emphases of his pontificate: a missionary impulse among all Catholics, sharing the faith more actively, avoiding worldliness and more visibly living the gospel of God's mercy, and helping the poor and working for social justice. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". Francis issued another titled Maiorem hac dilectionem which created a new path towards canonization for certain causes. His 2015 trip to Cuba is a prime example. by Jorge Mario Bergoglio and Domingo Grillía | Aug 13, 2020. " The Vatican signed a treaty recognizing the state of Palestine. The provision I had made in this regard, limited to the duration of the Extraordinary Holy Year, is hereby extended, notwithstanding anything to the contrary. The Vatican conclave has elected Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio as Pope Francis I Who is Jorge Mario Bergoglio?  In September 2020, Pompeo urged Francis to stand against China's human rights violations.  The interview with Rubin, reflected in the biography El jesuita, is the only time Bergoglio has spoken to the press about those events. , When Bergoglio was elected pope, the initial reactions were mixed.  Bergoglio is also a fan of the films of Tita Merello, neorealism, and tango dancing, with a fondness for the traditional music of Argentina and Uruguay known as the milonga. I know that it is an existential and moral ordeal. He wrote: "I think often of persecuted peoples: the Rohingya [Muslims in Myanmar], the poor Uighurs, the Yazidi — what ISIS did to them was truly cruel — or Christians in Egypt and Pakistan killed by bombs that went off while they prayed in church." Retrieved 16 August 2013. MicroData Summary for Jorge Mario Bergoglio (VIAF: 68559410) Pope Jorge Mario Bergoglio S.J. Music Album with His Words and Prayers", "Battle of the Pope Francis Biopics Begins With Two Films Shooting in Buenos Aires", "Film Review: 'Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, "The Spiritual Nearness of Wim Wenders's "Pope Francis: Man of His Word, "Francis becomes 1st pope to endorse same-sex civil unions", Vatican Web site: Official biography of Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Study Commission on the Women's Diaconate, Master of Pontifical Liturgical Celebrations, Pope Francis: Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio: His Life in His Own Words, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Pontifical Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of the Theology of the Consecrated Life Claretianum, John Paul II Pontifical Theological Institute for Marriage and Family Sciences, Pontifical Theological Faculty Teresianum, Territorial Abbey and Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Polsi, Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant'Agata dei Goti, Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi-Conza-Nusco-Bisaccia, Territorial Abbey of La Trinità Cava De'Tirreni, Territorial Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore, Territorial Abbacy of Santa Maria of Grottaferrata, Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Italy, Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola, International Association of Jesuit Universities, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Conference of the Latin Bishops of the Arab Regions, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Francis&oldid=1000337645, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mario José Bergoglio and Regina María Sívori. Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Argentina, full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, Facultades de Filosofía y Teología de San Miguel, Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy, Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology, Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Theology of Pope Francis § Vatican II revisited, Theology of Pope Francis § Church leadership, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, reform the U.S. American and British media were also more likely during this trip to show Francis interacting with regular Cubans compared to the official Cuban media, which showed Francis interacting with elites most often. , On 16 April 2016, he visited, together with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and Archbishop Ieronimos II of Athens, the Moria Refugee Camp on the Greek island of Lesbos, to call the attention of the world to the refugee issue.  In 2019 Francis held a conference on the World Day of Social Communications highlighting the pros and cons of social media and urging users to use it as a source that liberates rather than enslaves. That way they are legally covered,” Francis said in the documentary. beneath his face.  The priests were tortured, but were found alive five months later, drugged and semi-naked. Jorge Mario Bergoglio Net Worth: Pope Francis is the Roman Catholic Church’s 266th Pope and Vatican City’s Sovereign. He lived in a small apartment, rather than in the elegant bishop's residence in the suburb of Olivos. , Francis has admitted that the Church "arrived late" in dealing with sexual abuse cases. The patron saint of missionaries and one of the founders of the Jesuit order, Saint Francis Xavier sought religious converts throughout Asia during the 1500s. ", "Does Pope Francis have a MA in chemistry? He simplified the process for declaring matrimonial nullity. He went on to place a statue in St. Peter's Square to bring attention to the Christian imperative involved in their situation (Hebrews 13:2).  The statement was also interpreted as supportive of LGBT adoption.. On his way back to Rome, Pope Francis surprised reporters traveling with him regarding his seemingly open stance on gay Catholics.  Cardinal Christoph Schönborn later said that Bergoglio was elected following two supernatural signs, one in the conclave and hence confidential, and a Latin-American couple of friends of Schönborn who whispered Bergoglio's name in Schönborn's ear; Schönborn commented "if these people say Bergoglio, that's an indication of the Holy Spirit". He said: "While we venerate the martyrs of Otranto, ask God to support the many Christians who still suffer from violence and give them the courage and fate and respond to evil with goodness. , Fouad Twal, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, included a call in his 2013 Easter homily for the pope to visit Jerusalem.  He remained a member of that commission's permanent governing body, president of its committee for the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, and a member of its liturgy committee for the care of shrines. , In December 2013, both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues. " Graciela Fernández Meijide, member of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights, also said that there was no proof linking Bergoglio with the dictatorship. , Francis made the plight of refugees and migrants "a core component of his pastoral work", and has defended their rights in dialogue both with Europe and with the United States. " Federico Lombardi said that Francis' comments were not "a personal attack, nor an indication of who to vote for". About Jorge Mario Bergoglio Pope Francis is the 266th and current Pope of the Catholic Church, elected on 13 March 2013. , The pope has also continued the practice of having beatifications celebrated in the place of the individual's origin though has presided over beatifications himself on three occasions: for Paul Yun Ji-Chung and 123 companions on 16 August 2014, his predecessor Pope Paul VI on 19 October 2014, and two Colombian martyrs on 8 September 2017.  Paloma García Ovejero, deputy director of the Holy See Press Office, stated that "the honorific of the St. Gregory the Great Pontifical Order that Liliane Ploumen, then Minister for Development, received in June 2017, during the visit of the Dutch royal family to the Holy Father, is part of the diplomatic praxis of the exchange of decorations among delegations during official visits between heads of state and government to the Vatican. , In November 2020, Francis named China's Uyghur minority among a list of the world's persecuted peoples. The Holy Doors of the major basilicas of Rome (including the Great Door of St. Peter's) were opened, and special "Doors of Mercy" were opened at cathedrals and other major churches around the world, where the faithful can earn indulgences by fulfilling the usual conditions of prayer for the pope's intentions, confession, and detachment from sin, and communion. , At the first consistory of his papacy, held on 22 February 2014, Francis created 19 new cardinals. While he does not believe women should be ordained as priests, Francis considers women an essential part of the church. ", He added: "The forgiveness of God cannot be denied to one who has repented, especially when that person approaches the Sacrament of Confession with a sincere heart in order to obtain reconciliation with the Father. However, Vatican later clarified that his comments were taken out of context with two comments to two different questions at differnt times spliced together in a very misleading way.  The cave under the Church of the Nativity caught fire the night after his visit.  That same year, Bergoglio said the Argentine Catholic Church needed "to put on garments of public penance for the sins committed during the years of the dictatorship" in the 1970s, during the Dirty War. , Francis has regularly been accused by conservatives of having a "soft spot" for leftist populist movements.  U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said cooperating with the Chinese Communist Party puts the pope's moral authority at risk. They're children of God and have a right to a family.  En route to the United States for a visit in September 2015, the pope stopped in Cuba.  Protests against his visit resulted in an alleged arson attempt at the Dormition Abbey. Spanish missionary Juniper Serra established his first U.S. mission in 1769. "Human beings, while capable of the worst, are also capable of rising above themselves, choosing again what is good, and making a new start."  He said in a televised news conference, "I read all the speeches of the pope, his commentaries, and if the pope continues this way, I will go back to praying and go back to the [Catholic] church. Saint Katharine Drexel used her personal fortune to fund schools for Native Americans and African Americans.  According to María Elena Bergoglio (b. He established two new Secretariats (top-level departments) in the Roman Curia: the Secretariat for the Economy, and the Secretariat for Communications. He also said that evolution "is not inconsistent with the notion of creation.".  The next day, he visited Cardinal Jorge María Mejía in the hospital and chatted with patients and staff.  His other siblings were Alberto Horacio (17 July 1942 – 15 June 2010), Oscar Adrián (30 January 1938-deceased) and Marta Regina (24 August 1940 – 11 July 2007). On 20 March 2020, Pope Francis asked the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development (DPIHD) to create a Vatican COVID-19 Commission to express the Church’s concern for the crisis generated by COVID-19 pandemic, and propose responses to the potential socio-economic challenges deriving from it. He released a 184-page encyclical, a type of Papal message, warning of the dangers of climate change. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. He claims that he talked with Bergoglio and proposed to take part in the meeting, but Bergoglio would have told him that the meeting was canceled because of a misunderstanding by De la Rúa's assistant, who may have declined the president's assistance. [ 33 ], in which he served as both archbishop and cardinal for more than 12 years Some his. [ 137 ] the Pope of the sometimes tense relations between the Society of Jesus named president the! 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