Know about the legendary Archaeologists whose passion has thrown light on our rich past, their educational background and their Acheivements. He has also written numerous articles, such as Meeting the Universe Two-Thirds of the Way (Witchful Thinking), Being Multiversed in the Multiverse, and The Role of Mas (Spanish Más) in Q’eqchi’: Comparison and Degree in a Mayan Language. In 2010, he was awarded the Anders Retzius gold medal by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. After September 11, 2001, she determined that her mission in life was to try to infuse military decision making with the necessary background anthropological and cultural knowledge needed to make appropriate decisions. Early in his career he studied in Egypt, Yemen, and Palestine, conducting research on the evolution of irrigation systems from modern to ancient times, before moving on to his current field. This special section includes seven reflections on multimodal research on postcards, building on Mascha Gugganig and Sophie Schor's essay "Multimodal Ethnography in/of/as Postcards". These scholars are teachers, mentors, and practitioners who work every day to advance the field and help prepare the next generation of anthropologists. Evolutionary Anthropology, Paleoanthropology. Considered the best of the sciences and humanities, modern anthropology necessitates an interdisciplinary approach. Writings from previous centuries are considered proto-anthropological, without the structure of the formal discipline. Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology. Browse famous birthdays sorted by profession, birth place and birth region. He founded the University of Tennessee Anthropological Research, also known as “The Body Farm”. His principled approach to anthropology has earned him a devoted following, including, of course, the many promising new anthropologists whom he has mentored throughout his teaching career. Joel … She is credited with... Livingston Farrand (June 14, 1867 – November 8, 1939) was an American physician,... Dr. Timothy R. Pauketat is an “American Bottom” Mississippian-era archaeologist and professor... Anne Allison is a professor of cultural anthropology at Duke University in the United States,... Stuart McKee Struever (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known... who pays the highest child support in the world. See our Interview with Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Sociocultural anthropology is founded on the idea that people adapt to their environments in different ways, which over time, creates and develops culture. His research has taken him to locations in the United States, the Caribbean, and West Africa. Taussig was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship and in 2007 received the Berlin Prize from the American Academy in Berlin. He has held Fulbright fellowships at the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro and the University of Iceland. In 2013 he was named the winner of the Holberg Prize for his intellectual disruption and work in interdisciplinary fields such as anthropology, history, philosophy, and others. Birthdays of Famous Anthropologist / Celebrity, on Today, Born in (or Nationality) India. One of his books, Mutual Life, Limited: Islamic Banking, Alternative Currencies, Lateral Reason, was honored in 2005 with the prestigious Victor Turner Prize for Ethnographic Writing. He is currently conducting research under a National Science Foundation grant, investigating the ethnographic history of the polygraph, studying the practical application of polygraph tests. Graeber was a lecturer and reader for Goldsmith’s College at the University of London from 2008–2013. Robert Hayward Barlow (May 18, 1918 – January 1 or 2, 1951) was an American author, avant-garde poet, anthropologist and historian of early Mexico, and expert in … See our Interview with Nancy Scheper-Hughes. His research has yielded some surprising results as well, such as when he found that the maggots that fed on the bodies of recreational drug users could be distinguished from others, and that the bodies of cancer victims had a scent that was distinct from that of other bodies. He earned a BA from Cambridge University, an MA from the University of Pennsylvania, and a PhD from Stanford University. He earned his AB and MD from Stanford University and an MA in social anthropology from Harvard University. Learn about the most famous Anthropologists including Rudolf Virchow, Margaret Mead, Lewis Morgan, Helen Fisher, David Harvey and many more. Today Yesterday Tomorrow. Scottish anthropologist. In so doing, he pioneered the study of digital anthropology, which investigates the experience of human/technology interactions. He is known as one of the last great system-builders in the anthropology field. Her published works include Sunbelt Working Mothers: Reconciling Family and Factory, Newcomers in the Workplace: Immigrants and the Restructuring of the U.S. Economy, and Situated Lives: Gender and Culture in Everyday Life. Naval War College. His work in linguistic anthropology has yielded significant insights into Qʼeqchiʼ, an ancient language of the Maya people of Guatemala, as well as his ethnographic work. Today Zora Neale Hurston is known more for being a fiction writer than being an American anthropologist. Henry Field was born in Chicago.... Francisco Pascasio Moreno (May 31, 1852 – November 22, 1919) was a prominent explorer and... Michael D. Jackson is a New Zealand poet and anthropologist who has taught in anthropology... Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist. Originally from Algeria, Hublin studied geology and paleontology at Pierre and Marie Curie University, where he earned his doctorate. The remains of deceased individuals in crime scenes can range from skin tissue mutilation to unrecognizable remains in which the assistance of forensic anthropologists is pertinent to helping solve criminal cases. Female archaeologists, Egyptologists, View archaeologists by country Some feel that a collaboration between anthropologists studying a people, and military officials wishing to take action on or with those people, represents a breach of trust. She likewise studied these impacts in Lebanon, where male infertility is quite common. mothers, immigration and women’s lives and remains active in her advocacy on behalf of feminist causes. Nancy Scheper-Hughes is a program director and professor for medical anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. He is a member of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Network of Concerned Anthropologists and American Anthropological Association. Marcia C. Inhorn is the William K. Lanman Jr. He is the founder of University College of London’s digital anthropology program and the director of Why We Post: Global Social Media Impact Study, an international anthropological study of human social media usage. He is a highly-sought lecturer, and has delivered many notable lectures including the Munro Lecture at Edinburgh, the Victor Goldschmidt Lecture at Heidelberg, the Clifford Geertz Memorial Lecture at Princeton, and the Radcliffe-Brown Lecture at the British Academy. He has held chair for the Association for Queer Anthropology and is a fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies. He moved on to an anthropological approach, studying health inequities in Africa. His anthro-historical work has examined anthropology through the lens of social issues, capitalism, wealth distribution and politics. Thanks to Leakey's prompting and support, she established a camp where she could study the behavior of chimpanzees. Lila Abu-Lughod. He is an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and has received numerous prestigious honors. The earliest historical roots of cultural anthropology are in the writings of Herodotus (fifth century BCE), Marco Polo (c. 1254-c. 1324), and Ibn Khaldun (1332—1406), people who traveled extensively and wrote reports about the cultures they encountered. He was appointed as the Victor and William Fung director of Harvard University’s Asia Center from 2008–2016. Carlos Castaneda is not just a scientist, ... ethnography and mysticism. This led her to a life of trailblazing work with chimpanzees. Chakotay ( Robert Beltran) in the television series Star Trek: Voyager. McFate’s path to becoming a famous anthropologist has not been without controversy, however. A retired professor from the University of Tennessee Knoxville, Bass continues to assist federal, state, and local law enforcement with identifying and understanding human remains. Her research has specialized in many areas, including, but not limited to: cultural forensic anthropology, human organ trafficking, invisible genocides, Pope Francis, violence, death squads, and epidemics. The Wonka-fication of chocolate in American society is multiply damaging, increasing cocoa producer vulnerability to COVID-19 and further eliding the inequalities that characterize the value chain. He has published research in the area of medical anthropology and is known for his work with the idea of commodity fetishism. In 2012, the French National Centre for Scientific Research awarded him their Gold Medal, and in 2014, he won the International Cosmos Prize. David Graeber: Economic anthropologist who works on general anthropological theories (value, debt, activism, and bureaucracy to name a few). Lamphere won the case which served as a catalyst for a series of actions that reformed policies around sex discrimination and affirmative action at Brown University. Aside from her feminist scholarship she has also devoted time to the understanding of kinship bonds and community, in works such as Kinship, law and the unexpected: Relatives are always a surprise, and After nature: English kinship in the late twentieth century. William K. Lanman Jr. His works have included Moala: Culture and Nature on a Fijian Island, The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology, and Apologies to Thucydides: Understanding History as Culture and Vice Versa. His work has investigated Marxist-Leninist-Maoist socialism and the evolution of civil society. Bill Maurer is the dean of the School of Social Sciences for the University of California at Irvine, the founding director of the Institute for Money Technology and Financial Inclusion, and a scholar of legal and economic anthropology. His articles have been featured in the Chronicle of Higher Education, American Scientist, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and Sapiens. Some have had revolutionary ideas, while some may have climbed by popularity, but all are academicians and most primarily work in anthropology. Among our list of top anthropologists today, you will find famous anthropologists of every race and gender, exploring complex problems with innovative solutions. Tobias Schneebaum (March 25, 1922 – September 20, 2005) was an American artist,... Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Persian: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد البیرونی Abū Rayḥān... Robert Hayward Barlow (May 18, 1918 – January 1 or 2, 1951) was an American author,... Henry Field was an American anthropologist and archaeologist. These are doubts about the accuracy of some of the most famous anthropological case studies, such as Margaret Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa (see the Mead-Freeman controversy). A Distinguished Lifetime Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, Kleinman continues to publish articles in The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine, among other journals on topics such as global mental health, the search for wisdom, and on culture, bereavement and psychiatry. This theme, of challenging methods and findings of scientific inquiry, is revisited in his later work, Pandora’s Hope. He was later a student of the Accademia di Belle Arti, … Modern anthropology, as we know it now, originated during the Age of Enlightenment, when an understanding of the universal history of mankind was also viewed as analogous to the ultimate goal of enlightenment. Ralph Linton, a famous cultural anthropologist, was born on February 27, 1893, in Philadelphia. UCL Anthropology of Smartphones and Smart Ageing Blog, Sciences Po Médialab, London School of Economics. Cultural Anthropology, Military Anthropology. One of the most important female anthropologists is none other than Jane Goodall. Others see fieldwork as encompassing a wide variety of practices in different settings, and as one of many different methods by which anthropologists can gain intimate knowledge of a community. He was born in 1901. His career began in the medical field, during which time he served as an infectious disease specialist. Didier Fassin is the James D. Wolfensohn Professor of Social Science for the Institute for Advanced Study, the Chair of Public Health at the College de France, and holds Direction of Studies role in Political and Moral Anthropology at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. In his book, The Devil and Commodity Fetishism, he promotes the study of people living on the fringes of the economy, such as indigenous peoples, as a way of creating contrast with traditionally studied populations. Boellstorff has been active in both LGBT activism and research, serving in roles with the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission and the Institute for Community Health Outreach. Greatarchaeology presents the most famous contributors in the field of archaeology. Sahlins is most famous for his notable contributions in the fields of economic and historical anthropology and has performed most of his research in Hawaii and Fiji. Note: The links above take you to rankings that dynamically change as our AI learns new things! He has faced harsh criticism of his work, and claims of a penchant for exaggeration, hyperbole and metaphors. An expert in cultural anthropology and intellectual history, Price has written numerous books about the interactions between government/military/intelligence agencies and anthropologists. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure, The Chicken and the Quetzal: Incommensurate Ontologies and Portable Values in Guatemala’s Cloud Forest, and most recently, Kinds of Value: An Experiment in Modal Anthropology. His work has been recognized with numerous prestigious awards, including the Chevalier des Palmes Academiques, the Douglass Prize for the Best Book in the Anthropology of Europe, and the Research Prize of the French Red Cross Foundation. From sleds made of bones to supernatural sealskin hunting suits, this stirring show celebrates the heroism and ingenuity of humans who survive in balance with nature More recent contributions come from writers of the French Enlightenment, such as eighteenth century French philosopher Charles Montesquieu (1689-1755). Some say that anthropologists make great politicians -- literally. 6. He started his career as an archeologist and conducted extensive research in ethnography of various regions, including Madagascar. He is currently the President-Elect of the American Ethnological Society and serves on the American Association of Anthropology’s Task Force on Engagement with Israel/Palestine. Lewis Henry Morgan. More than 4,500 colleagues supported him by writing letters and signing petitions, but to no avail. She went on to earn an additional Master’s degree and a PhD from Stanford University. He examines apocalyptic predictions as a product of culture and spread around the world by way of ubiquitous technology. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. Famous Anthropologists - List of Famous Anthropologists - page 2 An anthropologist may refer to a professionally trained and qualified individual who is involved in the study and the application of origins, behavior and the social, physical and the cultural aspects of human development. Starting with The... Margaret Mead (December 16, 1901 – November 15, 1978) was an American cultural anthropologist... Florinda Donner (originally Regine Margarita Thal, later Florinda Donner-Grau) is an American... People Who Disappeared Mysteriously in 1990s. Featuring foreign anthropologists, linguistic anthropologists, cultural anthropologists, and more, this list has it all. His teaching career has taken him to the École Normale Supérieure and École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, France. He was active in the Occupy Wall Street movement and is co-founder of the Anti-Capitalist Convergence. Considered the best of the sciences and humanities, modern anthropology necessitates an interdisciplinary approach. In addition, several of his graduate students went on to establish some of the first anthropology departments in universities across the country, including programs at the University of California at Berkeley, University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and beyond. She won the Franz Boas Award from the American Anthropological Association for Exemplary Service to Anthropology in 2013 and the Bronislaw Malinoswki Award from the Society of Applied Anthropology in 2017. He has studied people’s relationships with their possessions in works such as A Theory of Shopping, which suggests that common purchases can be a window into a family’s domestic life. At times a minor figure in Norwegian party politics, he has been a vocal critic of the emergence of Nationalism in Norway’s public discourse. She is very well known for her work in technology, and her research into how humans interact with technology has been widely recognized. His work has also been recognized with several impressive prizes. Lamphere started as an assistant professor of anthropology at Brown University and the only woman in her department when she was hired in 1968. In spite of his respected standing in the anthropological community, he was denied tenure by Yale University, sparking outrage throughout the field. Her work with the Human Terrain System, a military initiative employing psychologists, anthropologists, sociologists, and others to provide insights to inform military policy, has been condemned by the American Anthropological Association, which feels that it is an unethical use of their expertise. Hannerz served as chair of the International Advisory Board for the Institute of Social Anthropology’s Austrian Academy of Sciences from 2014–2016, and is still a member today. He has published numerous works, including Nuclear Rites: A Weapons Laboratory at the End of the Cold War, People of the Bomb: Portraits of America’s Nuclear Complex, and Drone Remote Control Warfare. He was named a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences in 2008 and was awarded the Rivers Memorial Medal by the Royal Anthropological Institute. Florence Violet McKenzie Chair and Distinguished Professor. His research into LGBT issues has taken him from Indonesia to virtual worlds, including a study that took place within the online virtual reality game Second Life. William Foote Whyte was a sociologist chiefly known for his ethnographic study in urban... Jerald T. Milanich is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, specializing in Native... Edward Sapir (; January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was an American anthropologist-linguist,... James Owen Dorsey was an American ethnologist, linguist, and Episcopalian missionary in the... Robert Francis Murphy was an American anthropologist and professor of anthropology at Columbia... Erna Gunther was an American anthropologist who taught for many years at the University of... Clifford James Geertz ( (listen); August 23, 1926 – October 30, 2006) was an American... Jane Ellen Buikstra is an American anthropologist and bioarchaeologist. He is best known for his work, Nous n’avons jamais ete modernes: Essais d’anthropologie symetrique (translated: We Have Never Been Modern). After receiving his doctoral degree, Linton published The Tanala, a Hill Tribe of Madagascar in 1933. Discover influential anthropologists throughout history: Of All Time | Activities Sport Music Cinema / Theater Beauty / Fashion Radio / TV /Web. Her approach to feminist anthropology has yielded important scholarship, including Self-Interest and the Social Good: Some Implications of Hagen Gender Imagery and Dealing with Inequality: Analysing Gender Relations in Melanesia and Beyond. Sarah Pink. In 2005, she led a team to study the impacts of managed Medicaid programs in New Mexico, which was later published in Medical Anthropology Quarterly. She is also a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and has been awarded the Viking Fund Medal, the Huxley Medal and the 30th Anniversary Independence Medal of Papua New Guinea. Much of his work is filtered through the lens of the work of Walter Benjamin. David Price is a professor of anthropology at St. Martin’s University. He was the editor of anthropology for the International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences in 2001. Yvette Mimieux (born January 8, 1942) is a retired American movie and television actress. Linton’s most renowned works include The Study of Man (1936) and The Tr… There are other famous anthropologists and highly influential scholars who simply haven’t been cited and talked about as much in the last 10 years, whereas some new faces have been making a splash in the news, speaking events, and publishing, publishing, publishing. Marilyn Strathern was born in 1941 in North Wales. His research has focused on the anthropology of science through the lens of international security and nuclear culture. Mary Albright ( Jane Curtin) in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. Latour’s willingness to wade into controversy by questioning established norms and approaches in anthropological research has earned him more than a few detractors. Her work on reproductive technology opened up new lines of inquiry into the female experience and how procreation impacts society. He is a fellow of the British Academy and a recipient of the Rivers Memorial Medal, granted by the Royal Anthropological Institute. Last 50 Years | She earned a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Philosophy from Bryn Mawr College. Sociocultural anthropologists are especially concerned with diversity and variation among cultures, consequently examining the concepts of cultural relativism and universalism. He is a scholar of identity politics, cultural dynamics, the global response to accelerating change and crisis, and the Creole world. Christopher Hann is one of the founding Directors of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology and a well-known British social anthropologist. He earned a medical degree from the University of Sydney and a PhD in anthropology from the London School of Economics. She has written six books, including The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East, and Local Babies, Global Science: Gender, Religion, and In Vitro Fertilization in Egypt, which was awarded the Diana Forsythe Prize for Outstanding Feminist Anthropological Research on Work, Science, and Technology. Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs. There was an immediate rush to bring it into the social sciences. She investigated the cultural and societal forces at work when assistive reproductive technologies became an option. Sahlins began his trajectory toward becoming one of the most famous anthropologists when he started writing and publishing scholarly works in the late-1950s. Goodall's first serious experience with the field of anthropology began under the tutelage of another very famous anthropologist, Louis Leakey. His unique mix of brilliance and recklessness promises to push the boundaries of anthropology in the future. 5. Her work in this field has taken her to leadership and consulting roles from the United States to Australia. This list of notable anthropologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic anthropologists were born and what their nationality is. Bell has explored the social and cultural implications inherent with the growing ubiquity of technology. Her controversial work, Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil, was a shocking description of Brazilian mothers having to choose which of their children lives or dies, due to extreme poverty and their life of horrific suffering. In 2011, he published I Swear I Saw This: Drawings in Fieldwork Notebooks, Namely My Own. Though not a cultural anthropologist as we understand it today, it was his research into the study of ancient tribes that ‘ following the technological development ages of Stone, Bronze and Iron Age – he hypothesised three stages of development of … She earned her MPH and PhD from the University of California at Berkeley. Her research into the social impacts of infertility in Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon made her the first anthropologist to conduct such a study in the Middle East. In addition to his numerous teaching positions, including those at Stanford University, Harvard University, and the University of California at Berkeley, Hublin has also served in a number of leadership positions. Jean-Jacques Hublin is a paleoanthropologist, president of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, and a professor of anthropology at Leiden University, Max Planck Society, and the University of Leipzig. Maurer’s work has received four major National Science Foundation research grants, funding studies into international finance and digital currencies. He founded the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, and is still president. His role as intellectual provocateur has cemented his place as a figure representing millennial socialism. He most recently published a new work, Weaponizing Anthropology: Social Science in Service of the National Security State. Thomas Hylland Eriksen is a professor of social anthropology at the University of Oslo and a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. His initial research efforts focused on nuclear weapons culture and most recently has focused on counterinsurgency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as teenage alcohol consumption. He went on to earn a state doctorate at the University of Bordeaux. Most recently, the organization granted him the Huxley Memorial Medal. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and is the associate editor of the Journal of Cultural Economy. Oakley received a B.S. Most recently, she was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in recognition for her outstanding contributions. Bruno Latour is an anthropologist, philosopher, and sociologist. She was named one of the Top 25 Women in Technology to Watch, one of the 100 Most Creative People in Business and to Elle Magazine’s list of influential women in technology. He studied philosophy, politics and economics at Jesus College at Cambridge, before taking on his graduate studies at Corpus Christi College at Cambridge. To name a few from the field of Cultural Anthropology specifically: Nancy Scheper-Hughes. In 2004, he was awarded the French National Order of Merit. Anthropologists generally regard Herodotus, a Greek historian who lived in the 400s bc, as the first thinker to write widely on concepts that would later become central to anthropology. He is also founder and director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology’s Department of Human Evolution. Darwin and Wallace unveiled evolution in the late 1850s. Among them you will see anthropologists of every race and gender, exploring complex problems with innovative solutions. He has served as chair of the Société des Américanistes since 2002. Main article: List of fictional anthropologists. Became an option work of Walter Benjamin under a variety of ways but all are academicians and most work... Him to locations in the late-1950s scientists, and Sapiens work when reproductive. Has claimed to have suffered retaliation for his work with chimpanzees methods and findings of Scientific inquiry, is in... 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